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全球教席“云课堂” —— Paul B. Miller:信义法的正当性

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题目:The Morality of Fiduciary Law(信义法的正当性)
 
时间:2022年11月19日(周六)9:00-11:00
 
腾讯会议 ID:688 773 585
 
开讲学者:
Paul B. Miller(美国圣母大学大奖18pt18手机版副院长、私法项目主任、法学教授)
 
主持人:
楼建波(大奖18pt18手机版教授)
 
评议人:
高凌云(复旦大学大奖18pt18手机版教授)
金锦萍(大奖18pt18手机版副教授)
 
开讲学者简介:
Paul B. Miller 教授是美国圣母大学大奖18pt18手机版副院长、私法项目主任。他曾任教于加拿大麦吉尔大学大奖18pt18手机版,并曾在墨尔本大学、以色列特拉维夫大学担任访问学者。他拥有剑桥大学哲学硕士学位和多伦多大学法学博士学位。Miller教授是私法领域的国际权威学者,主要研究领域为信义法、信托法、公司法,他的著作包括《信义法的哲学基础》《合同、身份和信义法》《信托政府》《私法中的民事过错与司法公正》和《信义法牛津手册》等。Miller 教授曾在《威廉与玛丽法律评论》《多伦多大学法律期刊》《爱荷华法律评论》《麦吉尔大学法律期刊》和《奥斯古德霍尔法律期刊》等重要期刊上发表文章。他是《美国法学杂志》编委会成员,并担任《牛津私法理论》及其相关丛书《牛津私法理论研究》的总编辑。此外,Miller 教授还在全球范围内积极组织关于信义法与私法的研讨会。
Paul B. Miller is Professor of Law and Associate Dean for International & Graduate Programs at Notre Dame Law School, where he also serves as Director of the Notre Dame Program on Private Law. Miller taught previously at McGill University in Montréal and has held visiting appointments at the University of Melbourne, Peking University, and Tel Aviv University. A graduate of Cambridge University (M.Phil.) and the University of Toronto (M.A., J.D., & Ph.D.), Miller is a leading private law theorist whose work primarily focuses on philosophical questions in fiduciary law, trust law, and corporate law. His books include Philosophical Foundations of Fiduciary Law (Oxford University Press, 2014), Contract, Status, and Fiduciary Law (Oxford University Press, 2016), Fiduciary Government (Cambridge University Press, 2018) and The Oxford Handbook of Fiduciary Law. Prof. Miller's work has been published in journals including William and Mary Law Review, University of Toronto Law Journal, Iowa Law Review, McGill Law Journal, and Osgoode Hall Law Journal as well as in edited collections published by Routledge, Oxford University Press, and Cambridge University Press. Miller is a member of the Editorial Board of the American Journal of Jurisprudence and serves (with John Oberdiek) as the General Editor for Oxford Private Law Theory and the associated series, Oxford Studies in Private Law Theory, both published by Oxford University Press. He is also an enthusiastic founder and organizer of various workshops worldwide on fiduciary law and private law.
 
讲座摘要:
信义义务的规范分析,尤其是正当性分析一直被理论界所忽略。Miller教授将在本次讲座中介绍其构建的信义义务的四维分析框架,并分析信义义务蕴含的价值及其正当性。
首先,四维分析框架对信义法的正当性问题与讨论法律性质及其规范性的一般法理学文献进行了联结。第二,四维分析框架解释了信义法在规范上的复杂性——结构上的双面性——一般的衡平法原则(设定义务的规则)与定义定性信义关系的普通法和衡平法原则(主要体现为赋权规则)的叠加。第三,四维分析框架从各类信义关系的特殊正当性中抽象出信义义务的一般正当性。第四,四维分析框架概述了信义关系的价值所在,其对一般正当性和特殊正当性的关注体现为保护信义关系的当事人、第三方和公众的利益的规则。这些规则在赋予受信人执行受托事务的权力的同时,对其权力进行相应的规范限制。
The normative analysis of fiduciary duties, especially the justification analysis, has been neglected by the doctrine. In his lecture, Professor Miller will introduce his four-dimensional analytical framework to examine the values embedded in fiduciary duties and their justification.First, it situates questions about the morality of fiduciary law within the context of the general jurisprudential literature on the nature of law and its normativity. Second, it explains the sense in which fiduciary law is normatively complex by virtue of being structurally biplanar, with general equitable principles (duty-imposing rules) overlain upon legal and equitable principles (including, notably, power-conferring rules) that define and enable legal forms of relationship characterized as fiduciary in equity. Third, it distinguishes the general morality of fiduciary duties from the special morality of fiduciary relationship types. Fourth, and finally, it provides an overview of loci of value in fiduciary relationships, canvassing considerations of general and special morality that give salience to the interests of parties, third parties, and the public in rules that enable and constrain the performance of fiduciary mandates. 

 

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